Salem city, VA

County

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2022 Population
25,372
0.146% 1-year growth
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
40.8
0% 1-year change
2022 Poverty Rate
9.62%
3.41% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$68,402
2.9% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$231,900
12.6% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
12,483
1.78% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Salem city, VA had a population of 25.4k people with a median age of 40.8 and a median household income of $68,402. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Salem city, VA grew from 25,335 to 25,372, a 0.146% increase and its median household income grew from $66,472 to $68,402, a 2.9% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Salem city, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (83.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (7.8%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.08%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.77%), and White (Hispanic) (1.58%).

None of the households in Salem city, VA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.6% of the residents in Salem city, VA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Salem city, VA are Roanoke College (233426) (477 degrees awarded in 2022) and American National University (256 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Salem city, VA was $231,900, and the homeownership rate was 64%.

Most people in Salem city, VA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Salem city, VA was 2 cars per household.

Salem city, VA borders Roanoke County, VA and Roanoke city, VA.

Population & Diversity

Salem city, VA is home to a population of 25.4k people, from which 97.6% are citizens. As of 2022, 4.13% of Salem city, VA residents were born outside of the country (1.05k people).

In 2022, there were 10.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (21.2k people) in Salem city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.98k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 527 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.6%
2022 Citizenship
98.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.6% of Salem city, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Salem city, VA was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Salem city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Salem city, VA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    21.2k ± 157
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    1.98k ± 199
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    527 ± 191
3.77%
Hispanic Population
957 people

In 2022, there were 10.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (21.2k people) in Salem city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.98k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 527 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.77% of the people in Salem city, VA are hispanic (957 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Salem city, VA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    107,605 ± 8,003 people
  2. India
    98,735 ± 7,670 people
  3. Mexico
    59,855 ± 5,986 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 107,605 Virginia residents, followed by India with 98,735 and Mexico with 59,855.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.13%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.05k people
3.8%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
962 people

As of 2022, 4.13% of Salem city, VA residents (1.05k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Salem city, VA was 3.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Salem city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    431 ± 128
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    349 ± 136
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    235 ± 108

Salem city, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.23 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Salem city, VA employs 12.5k people. The largest industries in Salem city, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,230 people), Educational Services (1,576 people), and Manufacturing (1,329 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($65,417), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,019), and Information ($58,182).

Males in Virginia have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $69,674. The income inequality in Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.475, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

12.5k
2022 Value
± 852
−1.78%
1 Year decline
± 9.61%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Salem city, VA declined at a rate of −1.78%, from 12.7k employees to 12.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Salem city, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,571 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,216 people), and Management Occupations (1,213 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Salem city, VA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

12.5k
2022 Value
± 852
−1.78%
1 Year decline
± 9.61%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Salem city, VA declined at a rate of −1.78%, from 12.7k employees to 12.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Salem city, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,230 people), Educational Services (1,576 people), and Manufacturing (1,329 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Salem city, VA, though some of these residents may live in Salem city, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$51,286
Median earning men ± $4,091
$37,677
Median earning women ± $4,376

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($74,306), Public Administration ($66,023), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($59,226).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($88,132), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($52,750), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($47,958).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Y-Axis
2.48%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.1M people employed in Virginia. This represents a 2.48% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Virginia.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 481
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 289
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 225
    Manufacturing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Salem County, VA went to Donald J. Trump with 58.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (39.4%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.69%).

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Salem city, VA awarded 733 degrees. The student population of Salem city, VA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,051 male students and 1,888 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Salem city, VA are White (476 and 65.7%), followed by Black or African American (87 and 12%), Unknown (55 and 7.6%), and Two or More Races (41 and 5.66%).

The largest universities in Salem city, VA by number of degrees awarded are Roanoke College (233426) (477 and 65.1%) and American National University (256 and 34.9%).

The most popular majors in Salem city, VA are General Business Administration & Management (75 and 10.2%), General Psychology (49 and 6.68%), and Medical Insurance Coding Specialist (49 and 6.68%).

The median tuition cost in Salem city, VA for private four year colleges is $33,510.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Salem city, VA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 79.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 12.5%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 2,939 (35.8% men and 64.2% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 2,939 students enrolled in Salem city, VA, 35.8% men and 64.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,891 records, of which 61.6% were women and 38.4% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 75 degrees awarded
  2. 49 degrees awarded
  3. 35 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Salem city, VA was General Business Administration & Management with 75 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Salem city, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 477 degrees awarded
  2. 256 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Roanoke College (233426) with 477 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 233 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Salem city, VA, which is 0.466 times less than the 500 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 476 degrees mean that there were 5.47 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 87 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($33,510) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,690) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Measure

In 2022, 0.884% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.904% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.71M), Bachelors Degree (1.47M), and Some college (1.4M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Salem city, VA was $231,900 in 2022, which is 0.823 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $205,900 to $231,900, a 12.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Salem city, VA is 64%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Salem city, VA have an average commute time of 18.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Salem city, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Salem city, VA is $68,402. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Salem city, VA was Census Tract 102 with a value of $87,463, followed by Census Tract 101 and Census Tract 105.02, with respective values of $71,614 and $70,357.

In 2022, 11.8% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Salem city, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.491%.

Property

$231,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,894
$6,426
Median Property Taxes
±$498

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem city, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Salem city, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

64%
Homeownership
2022
69%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 64% of the housing units in Salem city, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 65.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Salem city, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 102
  2. Census Tract 101
  3. Census Tract 105.02

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Salem city, VA was Census Tract 102 with a value of $87,463, followed by Census Tract 101 and Census Tract 105.02, with respective values of $71,614 and $70,357.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Salem city, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$68,402
Median Household Income
± $4,772
10k
Number of Households
± 688

In 2022, the median household income of the 10k households in Salem city, VA grew to $68,402 from the previous year's value of $66,472.

The following chart displays the households in Salem city, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Salem city, VA is from Virginia.
0.475
2022 Wage GINI in Virginia
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Virginia

In 2022, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.475 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.164% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (77.7%)
  2. Worked At Home (8.51%)
  3. Walked (6.55%)

In 2022, 77.7% of workers in Salem city, VA drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (8.51%) and those who walked to work (6.55%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Salem city, VA have a shorter commute time (18.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.49% of the workforce in Salem city, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Salem city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Salem city, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Salem city, VA have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 11.8% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Salem city, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.491%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

9.62% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Salem city, VA (2.19k out of 22.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 65 - 74 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Salem city, VA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 11.4% of the children was living in poverty in Salem city, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 3.7%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 106 in Salem city, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 18.2 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

93.9% of the population of Salem city, VA has health coverage, with 56.1% on employee plans, 10.4% on Medicaid, 14.1% on Medicare, 11.1% on non-group plans, and 2.27% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Salem city, VA see 937 patients per year on average, which represents a 19.6% decrease from the previous year (1166 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 745 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 119 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.6% were men and 53.4% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

937 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Salem city, VA

Primary care physicians in Salem city, VA see an average of 937 patients per year. This represents a 19.6% decrease from the previous year (1,166 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Salem city, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21.5% under 18 years, 22.8% between 18 and 34 years, 38.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.6% were men and 53.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.09%
Uninsured
56.1%
Employer Coverage
10.4%
Medicaid
14.1%
Medicare
11.1%
Non-Group
2.27%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Salem city, VA grew by 1.38% from 6.01% to 6.09%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Salem city, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 50 in Salem city, VA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Salem city, VA.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 32.7% in Salem city, VA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Salem city, VA.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 7.26% in Salem city, VA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Salem city, VA.

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