Roanoke city, VA

County

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2022 Population
99,213
0.367% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
38.1
0.263% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
19.1%
3.89% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$51,523
6.29% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$162,000
15.2% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
46,998
1.7% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Roanoke city, VA had a population of 99.2k people with a median age of 38.1 and a median household income of $51,523. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Roanoke city, VA declined from 99,578 to 99,213, a −0.367% decrease and its median household income grew from $48,476 to $51,523, a 6.29% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Roanoke city, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (57%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (28.7%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.58%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.22%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (2.85%).

None of the households in Roanoke city, VA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.5% of the residents in Roanoke city, VA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Roanoke city, VA are Virginia Western Community College (233949) (1,184 degrees awarded in 2022) and Paul Mitchell the School-Roanoke (231280) (47 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Roanoke city, VA was $162,000, and the homeownership rate was 52.1%.

Most people in Roanoke city, VA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Roanoke city, VA was 2 cars per household.

Roanoke city, VA borders Roanoke County, VA and Salem city, VA.

Population & Diversity

Roanoke city, VA is home to a population of 99.2k people, from which 95.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 6.91% of Roanoke city, VA residents were born outside of the country (6.85k people).

In 2022, there were 1.99 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (56.6k people) in Roanoke city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 28.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 3.56k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

95.5%
2022 Citizenship
95.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 95.5% of Roanoke city, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Roanoke city, VA was 95.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Roanoke city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Roanoke city, VA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    56.6k ± 250
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    28.5k ± 578
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    3.56k ± 618
6.89%
Hispanic Population
6.84k people

In 2022, there were 1.99 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (56.6k people) in Roanoke city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 28.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 3.56k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

6.89% of the people in Roanoke city, VA are hispanic (6.84k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Roanoke city, VA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    107,605 ± 8,003 people
  2. India
    98,735 ± 7,670 people
  3. Mexico
    59,855 ± 5,986 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 107,605 Virginia residents, followed by India with 98,735 and Mexico with 59,855.

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Foreign-Born Population

6.91%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
6.85k people
6.3%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
6.27k people

As of 2022, 6.91% of Roanoke city, VA residents (6.85k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Roanoke city, VA was 6.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Roanoke city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,841 ± 269
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,161 ± 239
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    974 ± 301

Roanoke city, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.59 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Roanoke city, VA employs 47k people. The largest industries in Roanoke city, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,075 people), Retail Trade (5,481 people), and Manufacturing (5,200 people), and the highest paying industries are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($65,893), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,488), and Utilities ($61,016).

Males in Virginia have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $69,674. The income inequality in Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.475, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

47k
2022 Value
± 1,887
−1.7%
1 Year decline
± 5.82%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Roanoke city, VA declined at a rate of −1.7%, from 47.8k employees to 47k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Roanoke city, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,965 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,796 people), and Management Occupations (3,802 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Roanoke city, VA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

47k
2022 Value
± 1,887
−1.7%
1 Year decline
± 5.82%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Roanoke city, VA declined at a rate of −1.7%, from 47.8k employees to 47k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Roanoke city, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,075 people), Retail Trade (5,481 people), and Manufacturing (5,200 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Roanoke city, VA, though some of these residents may live in Roanoke city, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$41,188
Median earning men ± $2,029
$35,542
Median earning women ± $1,795

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($63,004), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,481), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($53,603).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($47,295), Manufacturing ($45,153), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($44,148).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Y-Axis
2.48%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.1M people employed in Virginia. This represents a 2.48% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Virginia.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,027
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 899
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 657
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Roanoke city, VA awarded 1,231 degrees. The student population of Roanoke city, VA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,516 male students and 3,450 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Roanoke city, VA are White (956 and 77.8%), followed by Black or African American (111 and 9.03%), Hispanic or Latino (57 and 4.64%), and Asian (48 and 3.91%).

The largest universities in Roanoke city, VA by number of degrees awarded are Virginia Western Community College (233949) (1,184 and 96.2%) and Paul Mitchell the School-Roanoke (231280) (47 and 3.82%).

The most popular majors in Roanoke city, VA are Biological & Physical Sciences (105 and 8.53%), General Studies (85 and 6.9%), and General Business Administration & Management (76 and 6.17%).

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

Measure

In 2019 in Roanoke city, VA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 27.7%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 32.7%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 5,966 (42.2% men and 57.8% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 5,966 students enrolled in Roanoke city, VA, 42.2% men and 57.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 4,148 records, of which 55.8% were women and 44.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 105 degrees awarded
  2. 85 degrees awarded
  3. 76 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Roanoke city, VA was Biological & Physical Sciences with 105 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Roanoke city, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,184 degrees awarded
  2. 47 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Virginia Western Community College (233949) with 1,184 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 488 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Roanoke city, VA, which is 0.657 times less than the 743 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 956 degrees mean that there were 8.61 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 111 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($4,680) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($423) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,500) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Measure

In 2022, 0.884% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.904% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.71M), Bachelors Degree (1.47M), and Some college (1.4M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Roanoke city, VA was $162,000 in 2022, which is 0.575 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $140,600 to $162,000, a 15.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Roanoke city, VA is 52.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Roanoke city, VA have an average commute time of 20.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Roanoke city, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Roanoke city, VA is $51,523. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Roanoke city, VA was Census Tract 29 with a value of $96,920, followed by Census Tract 21 and Census Tract 31, with respective values of $75,707 and $71,882.

In 2022, 18.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Roanoke city, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.32%.

Property

$162,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,079
$22,308
Median Property Taxes
±$1,198

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Roanoke city, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Roanoke city, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

52.1%
Homeownership
2022
64.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 52.1% of the housing units in Roanoke city, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 51.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Roanoke city, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 29
  2. Census Tract 21
  3. Census Tract 31

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Roanoke city, VA was Census Tract 29 with a value of $96,920, followed by Census Tract 21 and Census Tract 31, with respective values of $75,707 and $71,882.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Roanoke city, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$51,523
Median Household Income
± $2,303
42.8k
Number of Households
± 1,744

In 2022, the median household income of the 42.8k households in Roanoke city, VA grew to $51,523 from the previous year's value of $48,476.

The following chart displays the households in Roanoke city, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Roanoke city, VA is from Virginia.
0.475
2022 Wage GINI in Virginia
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Virginia

In 2022, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.475 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.164% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (76.6%)
  2. Worked At Home (9.73%)
  3. Carpooled (7.09%)

In 2022, 76.6% of workers in Roanoke city, VA drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (9.73%) and those who carpooled to work (7.09%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Roanoke city, VA have a shorter commute time (20.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.913% of the workforce in Roanoke city, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Roanoke city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Roanoke city, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Roanoke city, VA have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 18.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Roanoke city, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.32%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

19.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Roanoke city, VA (18.6k out of 97.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Females < 5.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Roanoke city, VA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 20.8% of the children was living in poverty in Roanoke city, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 9.5%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 382 in Roanoke city, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 280 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

90.3% of the population of Roanoke city, VA has health coverage, with 41.9% on employee plans, 23.4% on Medicaid, 13.9% on Medicare, 9.4% on non-group plans, and 1.75% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Roanoke city, VA see 918 patients per year on average, which represents a 13.6% decrease from the previous year (1063 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1270 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 289 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 44.8% were men and 55.2% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

918 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Roanoke city, VA

Primary care physicians in Roanoke city, VA see an average of 918 patients per year. This represents a 13.6% decrease from the previous year (1,063 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Roanoke city, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.5% under 18 years, 22.1% between 18 and 34 years, 37.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 44.8% were men and 55.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.71%
Uninsured
41.9%
Employer Coverage
23.4%
Medicaid
13.9%
Medicare
9.4%
Non-Group
1.75%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Roanoke city, VA declined by 7.76% from 10.5% to 9.71%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Roanoke city, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 74.1 in Roanoke city, VA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Roanoke city, VA.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 36.2% in Roanoke city, VA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Roanoke city, VA.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 11.1% in Roanoke city, VA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Roanoke city, VA.

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