Otero County, NM

County

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2022 Population
67,850
0.82% 1-year growth
US Senator
Martin Heinrich
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ben Ray Luján
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
35.9
1.64% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
19.4%
2.27% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$50,833
8.27% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$139,100
13.1% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
23,086
0.729% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Otero County, NM had a population of 67.9k people with a median age of 35.9 and a median household income of $50,833. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Otero County, NM grew from 67,298 to 67,850, a 0.82% increase and its median household income grew from $46,949 to $50,833, a 8.27% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Otero County, NM are White (Non-Hispanic) (46.9%), White (Hispanic) (17.3%), Two+ (Hispanic) (12.9%), Other (Hispanic) (7.69%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (5.94%).

None of the households in Otero County, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

94.8% of the residents in Otero County, NM are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Otero County, NM are Olympian Academy of Cosmetology-Alamogordo Campus (456 degrees awarded in 2022) and New Mexico State University-Alamogordo (110 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Otero County, NM was $139,100, and the homeownership rate was 65.7%.

Most people in Otero County, NM drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Otero County, NM was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Otero County, NM is home to a population of 67.9k people, from which 94.8% are citizens. As of 2022, 9.58% of Otero County, NM residents were born outside of the country (6.5k people).

In 2022, there were 2.71 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (31.8k people) in Otero County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11.7k White (Hispanic) and 8.76k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

94.8%
2022 Citizenship
93.7%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 94.8% of Otero County, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Otero County, NM was 93.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Otero County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Otero County, NM
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    31.8k ± 317
  2. White (Hispanic)
    11.7k ± 1.43k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    8.76k ± 1.21k
39%
Hispanic Population
26.4k people

In 2022, there were 2.71 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (31.8k people) in Otero County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11.7k White (Hispanic) and 8.76k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

39% of the people in Otero County, NM are hispanic (26.4k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Otero County, NM as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    128,832 ± 8,539 people
  2. Philippines
    5,882 ± 1,880 people
  3. Germany
    4,070 ± 1,565 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 128,832 New Mexico residents, followed by Philippines with 5,882 and Germany with 4,070.

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Foreign-Born Population

9.58%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
6.5k people
9.84%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
6.62k people

As of 2022, 9.58% of Otero County, NM residents (6.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Otero County, NM was 9.84%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Otero County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,854 ± 578
  2. Vietnam
    2,170 ± 319
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,140 ± 256

Otero County, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.32 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Otero County, NM employs 23.1k people. The largest industries in Otero County, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,205 people), Retail Trade (2,997 people), and Public Administration (2,863 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($88,145), Utilities ($57,083), and Information ($56,449).

Males in New Mexico have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,740. The income inequality in New Mexico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

23.1k
2022 Value
± 1,447
0.729%
1 Year growth
± 8.88%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Otero County, NM grew at a rate of 0.729%, from 22.9k employees to 23.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Otero County, NM, are Sales & Related Occupations (2,742 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,727 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1,989 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Otero County, NM.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

23.1k
2022 Value
± 1,447
0.729%
1 Year growth
± 8.88%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Otero County, NM grew at a rate of 0.729%, from 22.9k employees to 23.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Otero County, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,205 people), Retail Trade (2,997 people), and Public Administration (2,863 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Otero County, NM, though some of these residents may live in Otero County, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$39,467
Median earning men ± $4,591
$28,299
Median earning women ± $1,843

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($73,750), Information ($63,264), and Public Administration ($62,379).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($42,656), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($40,445), and Public Administration ($40,154).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Y-Axis
2.72%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 860k people employed in New Mexico. This represents a 2.72% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Mexico.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 377
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 229
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 215
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Otero County, NM went to Donald J. Trump with 61.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.64%).

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing the state of New Mexico. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Mexico

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Martin Heinrich
Senator from New Mexico1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ben Ray Luján
Senator from New Mexico2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing New Mexico.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Mexico over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Mexico

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Mexico have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Otero County, NM awarded 566 degrees. The student population of Otero County, NM in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 509 male students and 1,211 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Otero County, NM are Hispanic or Latino (231 and 40.8%), followed by White (136 and 24%), Black or African American (113 and 20%), and Unknown (63 and 11.1%).

The largest universities in Otero County, NM by number of degrees awarded are Olympian Academy of Cosmetology-Alamogordo Campus (456 and 80.6%) and New Mexico State University-Alamogordo (110 and 19.4%).

The most popular majors in Otero County, NM are General Cosmetology (167 and 29.5%), Nail Specialist & Manicurist (121 and 21.4%), and Aesthetician & Skin Care Specialist (80 and 14.1%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 1,720 students enrolled in Otero County, NM, 29.6% men and 70.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 757 records, of which 67.9% were women and 32.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 167 degrees awarded
  2. 75 degrees awarded
  3. 10 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Otero County, NM was General Cosmetology with 167 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Otero County, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 456 degrees awarded
  2. 110 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Olympian Academy of Cosmetology-Alamogordo Campus with 456 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 115 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Otero County, NM, which is 0.255 times less than the 451 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 231 degrees mean that there were 1.7 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 136 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($2,328) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($192) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,240) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Measure

In 2022, 1.05% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.86% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (454k), Some college (398k), and Secondary Education (257k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Otero County, NM was $139,100 in 2022, which is 0.493 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $123,000 to $139,100, a 13.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Otero County, NM is 65.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Otero County, NM have an average commute time of 22.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Otero County, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Otero County, NM is $50,833. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Otero County, NM was Census Tract 9.01 with a value of $72,773, followed by Census Tract 3.04 and Census Tract 3.06, with respective values of $65,742 and $65,240.

In 2022, 12.3% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Otero County, NM. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.53%.

Property

$139,100
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,001
$15,649
Median Property Taxes
±$954

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Otero County, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Otero County, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

65.7%
Homeownership
2022
68.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 65.7% of the housing units in Otero County, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Otero County, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9.01
  2. Census Tract 3.04
  3. Census Tract 3.06

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Otero County, NM was Census Tract 9.01 with a value of $72,773, followed by Census Tract 3.04 and Census Tract 3.06, with respective values of $65,742 and $65,240.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Otero County, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$50,833
Median Household Income
± $2,899
23.8k
Number of Households
± 1,270

In 2022, the median household income of the 23.8k households in Otero County, NM grew to $50,833 from the previous year's value of $46,949.

The following chart displays the households in Otero County, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Otero County, NM is from New Mexico.
0.462
2022 Wage GINI in New Mexico
0.46
2021 Wage GINI in New Mexico

In 2022, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.44% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (81%)
  2. Carpooled (10.3%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.76%)

In 2022, 81% of workers in Otero County, NM drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.3%) and those who worked at home (4.76%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Otero County, NM have a shorter commute time (22.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.48% of the workforce in Otero County, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Otero County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Otero County, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Otero County, NM have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 12.3% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Otero County, NM. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.53%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

19.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Otero County, NM (12.5k out of 64.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Otero County, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 24.7% of the children was living in poverty in Otero County, NM. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 11.7%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 355 in Otero County, NM. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 23.1 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

90.8% of the population of Otero County, NM has health coverage, with 23.1% on employee plans, 30.4% on Medicaid, 10.5% on Medicare, 16.7% on non-group plans, and 10.2% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Otero County, NM see 1985 patients per year on average, which represents a 16.8% decrease from the previous year (2385 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1789 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 349 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.4% were men and 50.6% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,985 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Otero County, NM

Primary care physicians in Otero County, NM see an average of 1,985 patients per year. This represents a 16.8% decrease from the previous year (2,385 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Otero County, NM in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.9% under 18 years, 21.1% between 18 and 34 years, 34.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.4% were men and 50.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.21%
Uninsured
23.1%
Employer Coverage
30.4%
Medicaid
10.5%
Medicare
16.7%
Non-Group
10.2%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Otero County, NM grew by 2.35% from 9% to 9.21%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Otero County, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 61.6 in Otero County, NM.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Otero County, NM.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 31.3% in Otero County, NM.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Otero County, NM.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 11.3% in Otero County, NM.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Otero County, NM.

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