Marshall, TX

Census Place

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2022 Population
23,509
2.83% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
34.1
1.73% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
22.8%
8.77% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$49,162
8.05% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$125,300
19.3% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
9,951
4.79% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Marshall, TX had a population of 23.5k people with a median age of 34.1 and a median household income of $49,162. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Marshall, TX grew from 22,862 to 23,509, a 2.83% increase and its median household income grew from $45,500 to $49,162, a 8.05% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Marshall, TX are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (40.3%), White (Non-Hispanic) (35.3%), Two+ (Hispanic) (8.27%), White (Hispanic) (7.25%), and Other (Hispanic) (4.9%).

None of the households in Marshall, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.2% of the residents in Marshall, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Marshall, TX are East Texas Baptist University (365 degrees awarded in 2022) and Wiley College (229887) (114 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Marshall, TX was $125,300, and the homeownership rate was 57.8%.

Most people in Marshall, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 16.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Marshall, TX was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Marshall, TX is home to a population of 23.5k people, from which 95.2% are citizens. As of 2022, 6.41% of Marshall, TX residents were born outside of the country (1.51k people).

In 2022, there were 1.14 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (9.47k people) in Marshall, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.29k White (Non-Hispanic) and 1.95k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

95.2%
2022 Citizenship
93.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 95.2% of Marshall, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Marshall, TX was 93.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Marshall, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Marshall, TX
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    9.47k ± 766
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    8.29k ± 822
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    1.95k ± 835
20.6%
Hispanic Population
4.83k people

In 2022, there were 1.14 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (9.47k people) in Marshall, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.29k White (Non-Hispanic) and 1.95k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

20.6% of the people in Marshall, TX are hispanic (4.83k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Marshall, TX as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,430,315 ± 36,649 people
  2. India
    305,649 ± 13,502 people
  3. El Salvador
    224,600 ± 11,591 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,430,315 Texas residents, followed by India with 305,649 and El Salvador with 224,600.

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Foreign-Born Population

6.41%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.51k people
8.54%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.95k people

As of 2022, 6.41% of Marshall, TX residents (1.51k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Marshall, TX was 8.54%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Marshall, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    548 ± 311
  2. Vietnam
    382 ± 143
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    114 ± 68

Marshall, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.43 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Marshall, TX employs 9.95k people. The largest industries in Marshall, TX are Manufacturing (1,414 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,223 people), and Retail Trade (1,108 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($97,868), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($95,493), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($73,250).

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,213. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

9.95k
2022 Value
± 951
4.79%
1 Year growth
± 12.9%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Marshall, TX grew at a rate of 4.79%, from 9.5k employees to 9.95k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Marshall, TX, are Production Occupations (1,260 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,010 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (952 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Marshall, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

9.95k
2022 Value
± 951
4.79%
1 Year growth
± 12.9%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Marshall, TX grew at a rate of 4.79%, from 9.5k employees to 9.95k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Marshall, TX, are Manufacturing (1,414 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,223 people), and Retail Trade (1,108 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Marshall, TX, though some of these residents may live in Marshall, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$33,664
Median earning men ± $6,024
$24,859
Median earning women ± $3,292

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($88,438), Public Administration ($54,531), and Wholesale Trade ($53,289).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($60,385), Public Administration ($55,208), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($48,750).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
4.59%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 13.8M people employed in Texas. This represents a 4.59% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.63%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Marshall, TX awarded 479 degrees. The student population of Marshall, TX in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,171 male students and 1,298 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Marshall, TX are White (247 and 52%), followed by Black or African American (163 and 34.3%), Hispanic or Latino (47 and 9.89%), and Two or More Races (10 and 2.11%).

The largest universities in Marshall, TX by number of degrees awarded are East Texas Baptist University (365 and 76.2%) and Wiley College (229887) (114 and 23.8%).

The most popular majors in Marshall, TX are Registered Nursing (35 and 7.31%), Other Multidisciplinary Studies (31 and 6.47%), and General Interdisciplinary Studies (27 and 5.64%).

The median tuition cost in Marshall, TX for private four year colleges is $19,975.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Marshall, TX, the percentage of applicants admitted was 67.7%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 39.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 2,469 (47.4% men and 52.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 2,469 students enrolled in Marshall, TX, 47.4% men and 52.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,167 records, of which 54.8% were women and 45.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 35 degrees awarded
  2. 31 degrees awarded
  3. 27 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Marshall, TX was Registered Nursing with 35 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Marshall, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 365 degrees awarded
  2. 114 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was East Texas Baptist University with 365 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 206 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Marshall, TX, which is 0.755 times less than the 273 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 247 degrees mean that there were 1.52 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 163 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($19,975) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,460) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($850) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Measure

In 2022, 1.59% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.53% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (5.7M), Some college (4.97M), and Bachelors Degree (4.2M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Marshall, TX was $125,300 in 2022, which is 0.444 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $105,000 to $125,300, a 19.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Marshall, TX is 57.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Marshall, TX have an average commute time of 16.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Marshall, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Marshall, TX is $49,162. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Marshall, TX was Census Tract 201.03 with a value of $78,728, followed by Census Tract 203.01 and Census Tract 201.04, with respective values of $73,170 and $64,052.

Property

$125,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$15,483
$4,779
Median Property Taxes
±$538

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Marshall, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Marshall, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

57.8%
Homeownership
2022
66.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 57.8% of the housing units in Marshall, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 59.8%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Marshall, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 201.03
  2. Census Tract 203.01
  3. Census Tract 201.04

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Marshall, TX was Census Tract 201.03 with a value of $78,728, followed by Census Tract 203.01 and Census Tract 201.04, with respective values of $73,170 and $64,052.

The following map shows all of the places in Marshall, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$49,162
Median Household Income
± $5,690
8.27k
Number of Households
± 793

In 2022, the median household income of the 8.27k households in Marshall, TX grew to $49,162 from the previous year's value of $45,500.

The following chart displays the households in Marshall, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Marshall, TX is from Texas.
0.476
2022 Wage GINI in Texas
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2022, the income inequality in Texas was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0231% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (77.5%)
  2. Carpooled (11.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.65%)

In 2022, 77.5% of workers in Marshall, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.4%) and those who worked at home (6.65%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

16.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Marshall, TX have a shorter commute time (16.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.259% of the workforce in Marshall, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Marshall, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Marshall, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Marshall, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

22.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Marshall, TX (4.99k out of 21.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females < 5.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Marshall, TX is Black, followed by Hispanic and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

81.2% of the population of Marshall, TX has health coverage, with 34.3% on employee plans, 20.6% on Medicaid, 9.99% on Medicare, 14% on non-group plans, and 2.36% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Harrison County, TX see 3328 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.24% decrease from the previous year (3336 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3905 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2289 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Harrison County, TX.
3,328 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Harrison County, TX

Primary care physicians in Harrison County, TX see an average of 3,328 patients per year. This represents a 0.24% decrease from the previous year (3,336 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Harrison County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 27.3% under 18 years, 25.3% between 18 and 34 years, 33.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 14.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 44.3% were men and 55.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

18.8%
Uninsured
34.3%
Employer Coverage
20.6%
Medicaid
9.99%
Medicare
14%
Non-Group
2.36%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Marshall, TX declined by 0.466% from 18.9% to 18.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Marshall, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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