El Paso County, TX

County

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2021 Population
860,485
2.82% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2021 Median Age
32.6
0.617% 1-year increase
2021 Poverty Rate
19.3%
1.09% 1-year decrease
2021 Median Household Income
$50,919
5.44% 1-year growth
2021 Median Property Value
$131,500
3.95% 1-year growth
2021 Employed Population
366,029
3.17% 1-year growth

About

In 2021, El Paso County, TX had a population of 860k people with a median age of 32.6 and a median household income of $50,919. Between 2020 and 2021 the population of El Paso County, TX grew from 836,915 to 860,485, a 2.82% increase and its median household income grew from $48,292 to $50,919, a 5.44% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in El Paso County, TX are White (Hispanic) (48.1%), Two+ (Hispanic) (19.2%), Other (Hispanic) (14.8%), White (Non-Hispanic) (11.5%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.86%).

None of the households in El Paso County, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

88.6% of the residents in El Paso County, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in El Paso County, TX are The University of Texas at El Paso (228796) (5,322 degrees awarded in 2021), El Paso Community College (4,333 degrees), and Western Technical College (224679) (986 degrees).

In 2021, the median property value in El Paso County, TX was $131,500, and the homeownership rate was 63.1%.

Most people in El Paso County, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24 minutes. The average car ownership in El Paso County, TX was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

El Paso County, TX is home to a population of 860k people, from which 88.6% are citizens. As of 2021, 23.6% of El Paso County, TX residents were born outside of the country (203k people).

In 2021, there were 2.51 times more White (Hispanic) residents (414k people) in El Paso County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 165k Two+ (Hispanic) and 128k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

88.6%
2021 Citizenship
88.2%
2020 Citizenship

As of 2021, 88.6% of El Paso County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2020, the percentage of US citizens in El Paso County, TX was 88.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in El Paso County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in El Paso County, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    414k ± 7.42k
  2. Two+ (Hispanic)
    165k ± 6.85k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    128k ± 6.57k
82.9%
Hispanic Population
713k people

In 2021, there were 2.51 times more White (Hispanic) residents (414k people) in El Paso County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 165k Two+ (Hispanic) and 128k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

82.9% of the people in El Paso County, TX are hispanic (713k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in El Paso County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,459,913 ± 36,829 people
  2. India
    290,669 ± 13,170 people
  3. El Salvador
    220,934 ± 11,496 people

In 2021, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,459,913 Texas residents, followed by India with 290,669 and El Salvador with 220,934.

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Foreign-Born Population

23.6%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
203k people
23.9%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
200k people

As of 2021, 23.6% of El Paso County, TX residents (203k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2020, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in El Paso County, TX was 23.9%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in El Paso County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    20,902 ± 1,458
  2. Vietnam
    10,354 ± 756
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    7,566 ± 747

El Paso County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.02 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of El Paso County, TX employs 366k people. The largest industries in El Paso County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (51,625 people), Educational Services (44,597 people), and Retail Trade (42,260 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($59,784), Public Administration ($58,258), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($47,064).

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,604. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

366k
2021 Value
± 5,895
3.17%
1 Year growth
± 2.21%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in El Paso County, TX grew at a rate of 3.17%, from 355k employees to 366k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in El Paso County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (47,446 people), Sales & Related Occupations (39,486 people), and Management Occupations (30,065 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of El Paso County, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

366k
2021 Value
± 5,895
3.17%
1 Year growth
± 2.21%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in El Paso County, TX grew at a rate of 3.17%, from 355k employees to 366k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in El Paso County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (51,625 people), Educational Services (44,597 people), and Retail Trade (42,260 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of El Paso County, TX, though some of these residents may live in El Paso County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$34,577
Median earning men ± $847
$25,549
Median earning women ± $539

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2021 are Public Administration ($68,147), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($49,688), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($46,936).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2021 are Public Administration ($48,552), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($33,600), and Wholesale Trade ($30,859).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.
Y-Axis
2.75%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 155M people employed in Texas. This represents a 2.75% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 6,295
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 3,959
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 2,855
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $4.32M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. $2.08M
    Manufacturing
  3. $1.85M
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $255B
  2. $212B
  3. $180B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Electronics with $255B, followed by Gasoline ($212B) and Fuel oils ($180B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.26T
2020 Value in Texas
$4.54T
Projected 2050 Value in Texas
101% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.26T. This is expected to increase 101% to $4.54T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $77.7B
  2. $68.4B
  3. $58.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $77.7B, followed by California with $68.4B and Michigan and $58.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in El Paso County, TX went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 66.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (31.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.03%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2021, universities in El Paso County, TX awarded 12,690 degrees. The student population of El Paso County, TX in 2021 is skewed towards women, with 22,999 male students and 30,859 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in El Paso County, TX are Hispanic or Latino (10,257 and 83.9%), followed by White (1,086 and 8.89%), Black or African American (379 and 3.1%), and Asian (159 and 1.3%).

The largest universities in El Paso County, TX by number of degrees awarded are The University of Texas at El Paso (228796) (5,322 and 41.9%), El Paso Community College (4,333 and 34.1%), and Western Technical College (224679) (986 and 7.77%).

The most popular majors in El Paso County, TX are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,368 and 10.8%), Registered Nursing (702 and 5.53%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (540 and 4.26%).

The median tuition cost in El Paso County, TX for a public four year colleges is $7,268 for in-state students and $21,704 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2021 in El Paso County, TX, the percentage of applicants admitted was 100%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 30.3%. The number of students enrolled in 2021 was 53,858 (42.7% men and 57.3% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2021 there were 53,858 students enrolled in El Paso County, TX, 42.7% men and 57.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 45,000 records, of which 58.4% were women and 41.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 272 degrees awarded
  2. 1,368 degrees awarded
  3. 314 degrees awarded

In 2021, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in El Paso County, TX was Criminal Justice - Safety Studies with 272 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in El Paso County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 5,322 degrees awarded
  2. 4,333 degrees awarded
  3. 986 degrees awarded

In 2021, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Texas at El Paso (228796) with 5,322 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2021, 5,392 men were awarded degrees from institutions in El Paso County, TX, which is 0.739 times less than the 7,298 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2021 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 10,257 degrees mean that there were 9.44 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 1,086 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($14,000) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2021.

Public, 4-year or above ($3,500) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2021.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,632) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Measure

In 2021, 1.46% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.43% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2021 were High School or Equivalent (5.58M), Some college (4.95M), and Bachelors Degree (4.04M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in El Paso County, TX was $131,500 in 2021, which is 0.537 times smaller than the national average of $244,900. Between 2020 and 2021 the median property value increased from $126,500 to $131,500, a 3.95% increase. The homeownership rate in El Paso County, TX is 63.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.6%.

People in El Paso County, TX have an average commute time of 24 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in El Paso County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in El Paso County, TX is $50,919. In 2021, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in El Paso County, TX was Census Tract 102.13 with a value of $148,050, followed by Census Tract 102.14 and Census Tract 102.11, with respective values of $137,297 and $113,375.

In 2022, 18.3% of the population was living with severe housing problems in El Paso County, TX. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 2.13%.

Property

$131,500
Median Property Value 2021
±$1,943
$181,763
Median Property Taxes
±$3,708

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in El Paso County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

63.1%
Homeownership
2021
66.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2021

In 2021, 63.1% of the housing units in El Paso County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in El Paso County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 102.13
  2. Census Tract 102.14
  3. Census Tract 102.11

In 2021, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in El Paso County, TX was Census Tract 102.13 with a value of $148,050, followed by Census Tract 102.14 and Census Tract 102.11, with respective values of $137,297 and $113,375.

The following map shows all of the tracts in El Paso County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$50,919
Median Household Income
± $913
2.39M
Number of Households
± 12,071

In 2021, the median household income of the 2.39M households in El Paso County, TX grew to $50,919 from the previous year's value of $48,292.

The following chart displays the households in El Paso County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for El Paso County, TX is from Texas.
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Texas
0.478
2020 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2021, the income inequality in Texas was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.474% decline from 2020 to 2021, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2021
  1. Drove Alone (78.6%)
  2. Carpooled (10.6%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.81%)

In 2021, 78.6% of workers in El Paso County, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.6%) and those who worked at home (5.81%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

24 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in El Paso County, TX have a shorter commute time (24 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.8 minutes). Additionally, 1.92% of the workforce in El Paso County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in El Paso County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in El Paso County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in El Paso County, TX have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 18.3% of the population was living with severe housing problems in El Paso County, TX. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 2.13%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

19.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in El Paso County, TX (163k out of 846k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.6%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in El Paso County, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 22.7% of the children was living in poverty in El Paso County, TX. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 10.5%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 364 in El Paso County, TX. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 52.9 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

78.7% of the population of El Paso County, TX has health coverage, with 34% on employee plans, 19.8% on Medicaid, 7.23% on Medicare, 12.4% on non-group plans, and 5.24% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in El Paso County, TX see 2003 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.05% decrease from the previous year (2066 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2077 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 926 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.6% were men and 51.4% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,003 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in El Paso County, TX

Primary care physicians in El Paso County, TX see an average of 2,003 patients per year. This represents a 3.05% decrease from the previous year (2,066 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in El Paso County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2021, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 29.5% under 18 years, 23.4% between 18 and 34 years, 34.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.6% were men and 51.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

21.3%
Uninsured
34%
Employer Coverage
19.8%
Medicaid
7.23%
Medicare
12.4%
Non-Group
5.24%
Military or VA

Between 2020 and 2021, the percent of uninsured citizens in El Paso County, TX grew by 3.55% from 20.5% to 21.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in El Paso County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 40.1 in El Paso County, TX.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in El Paso County, TX.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 34.3% in El Paso County, TX.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in El Paso County, TX.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 24.3% in El Paso County, TX.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in El Paso County, TX.

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