Effingham County, GA

County

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2022 Population
65,314
2.94% 1-year growth
US Senator
Jon Ossoff
Democratic Party
US Senator
Raphael Warnock
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
36.4
0.552% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
6.62%
12.9% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$79,474
9.95% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$219,000
22.5% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Effingham County, GA had a population of 65.3k people with a median age of 36.4 and a median household income of $79,474. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Effingham County, GA grew from 63,448 to 65,314, a 2.94% increase and its median household income grew from $72,279 to $79,474, a 9.95% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Effingham County, GA are White (Non-Hispanic) (75.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (13.6%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.16%), White (Hispanic) (2.02%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.7%).

None of the households in Effingham County, GA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.8% of the residents in Effingham County, GA are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Effingham County, GA was $219,000, and the homeownership rate was 77%.

Most people in Effingham County, GA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 30 minutes. The average car ownership in Effingham County, GA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Ebenezer Creek near Rincon, Georgia

Population & Diversity

Effingham County, GA is home to a population of 65.3k people, from which 98.8% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.7% of Effingham County, GA residents were born outside of the country (1.76k people).

In 2022, there were 5.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (49.3k people) in Effingham County, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.91k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.72k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.8%
2022 Citizenship
98.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.8% of Effingham County, GA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Effingham County, GA was 98.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Effingham County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Effingham County, GA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    49.3k ± 567
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    8.91k ± 390
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    2.72k ± 653
5.51%
Hispanic Population
3.6k people

In 2022, there were 5.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (49.3k people) in Effingham County, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.91k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.72k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.51% of the people in Effingham County, GA are hispanic (3.6k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Effingham County, GA as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.7%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.76k people
2.8%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.78k people

As of 2022, 2.7% of Effingham County, GA residents (1.76k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Effingham County, GA was 2.8%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Effingham County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,605 ± 444
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,334 ± 302
  3. Vietnam
    864 ± 326

Effingham County, GA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.95 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Effingham County, GA employs 30.9k people. The largest industries in Effingham County, GA are Manufacturing (5,597 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,693 people), and Retail Trade (3,447 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($116,091), Manufacturing ($71,069), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($58,708).

Occupations

30.9k
2022 Value
± 1,537
3.78%
1 Year growth
± 6.89%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Effingham County, GA grew at a rate of 3.78%, from 29.8k employees to 30.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Effingham County, GA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,565 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,901 people), and Management Occupations (2,681 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Effingham County, GA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Georgia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

30.9k
2022 Value
± 1,537
3.78%
1 Year growth
± 6.89%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Effingham County, GA grew at a rate of 3.78%, from 29.8k employees to 30.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Effingham County, GA, are Manufacturing (5,597 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,693 people), and Retail Trade (3,447 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Effingham County, GA, though some of these residents may live in Effingham County, GA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$58,549
Median earning men ± $2,859
$36,670
Median earning women ± $3,361

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Manufacturing ($80,932), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($67,045), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($61,581).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($58,571), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($55,227), and Wholesale Trade ($46,595).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.
Y-Axis
2.94%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.87M people employed in Georgia. This represents a 2.94% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.9%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Georgia.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 181
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 180
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 166
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Effingham County, GA went to Donald J. Trump with 74% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (24.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.56%).

Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock are the senators currently representing the state of Georgia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Georgia is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Georgia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.
Jon Ossoff
Senator from Georgia2
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Inauguration delayed as incumbent senator David Perdue's term expired on January 3, 2021, two days prior to the 2020-21 United States Senate election in Georgia|runoff election.
Raphael Warnock
Senator from Georgia3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Elected to the seat to succeed Kelly Loeffler, who had been appointed to the seat following the resignation of Johnny Isakson.

Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock are the senators currently representing Georgia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Georgia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Georgia

Georgia is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Georgia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

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Measure

In 2022, 1.08% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.03% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (2.33M), Some college (1.78M), and Bachelors Degree (1.56M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Effingham County, GA was $219,000 in 2022, which is 0.777 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $178,800 to $219,000, a 22.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Effingham County, GA is 77%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Effingham County, GA have an average commute time of 30 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Effingham County, GA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Effingham County, GA is $79,474. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Effingham County, GA was Census Tract 303.01 with a value of $103,646, followed by Census Tract 303.03 and Census Tract 304.01, with respective values of $97,847 and $78,055.

Property

$219,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$8,521
$17,578
Median Property Taxes
±$1,060

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Effingham County, GA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Effingham County, GA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

77%
Homeownership
2022
66.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 77% of the housing units in Effingham County, GA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 76.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Effingham County, GA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 303.01
  2. Census Tract 303.03
  3. Census Tract 304.01

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Effingham County, GA was Census Tract 303.01 with a value of $103,646, followed by Census Tract 303.03 and Census Tract 304.01, with respective values of $97,847 and $78,055.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Effingham County, GA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$79,474
Median Household Income
± $3,492
22.8k
Number of Households
± 1,217

In 2022, the median household income of the 22.8k households in Effingham County, GA grew to $79,474 from the previous year's value of $72,279.

The following chart displays the households in Effingham County, GA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Effingham County, GA is from Georgia.
0.474
2022 Wage GINI in Georgia
0.475
2021 Wage GINI in Georgia

In 2022, the income inequality in Georgia was 0.474 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.224% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Georgia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Georgia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Georgia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (87.3%)
  2. Carpooled (6.97%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.01%)

In 2022, 87.3% of workers in Effingham County, GA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.97%) and those who worked at home (4.01%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

30 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Effingham County, GA have a longer commute time (30 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.7% of the workforce in Effingham County, GA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Effingham County, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Effingham County, GA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Effingham County, GA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

6.62% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Effingham County, GA (4.29k out of 64.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males 65 - 74 and then Males 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Effingham County, GA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

90.5% of the population of Effingham County, GA has health coverage, with 55.8% on employee plans, 8.95% on Medicaid, 8.41% on Medicare, 13.9% on non-group plans, and 3.38% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Effingham County, GA see 4593 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.4% increase from the previous year (4442 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 7307 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2349 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.9% were men and 50.1% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

4,593 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Effingham County, GA

Primary care physicians in Effingham County, GA see an average of 4,593 patients per year. This represents a 3.4% increase from the previous year (4,442 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Effingham County, GA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 27.8% under 18 years, 20.2% between 18 and 34 years, 40.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 11.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.9% were men and 50.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.53%
Uninsured
55.8%
Employer Coverage
8.95%
Medicaid
8.41%
Medicare
13.9%
Non-Group
3.38%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Effingham County, GA declined by 4.87% from 10% to 9.53%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Effingham County, GA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 58.5 in Effingham County, GA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Effingham County, GA.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 31.2% in Effingham County, GA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Effingham County, GA.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 13% in Effingham County, GA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Effingham County, GA.

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