Desha County, AR

County

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2022 Population
11,285
2.12% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Boozman
Republican Party
US Senator
Tom Cotton
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
40.7
0.494% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
27.2%
2.14% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$38,067
14.3% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$88,300
4.13% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Desha County, AR had a population of 11.3k people with a median age of 40.7 and a median household income of $38,067. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Desha County, AR declined from 11,530 to 11,285, a −2.12% decrease and its median household income grew from $33,295 to $38,067, a 14.3% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Desha County, AR are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (47.6%), White (Non-Hispanic) (43.6%), White (Hispanic) (3.93%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.65%), and Other (Hispanic) (1.6%).

None of the households in Desha County, AR reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97% of the residents in Desha County, AR are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Desha County, AR was $88,300, and the homeownership rate was 62.5%.

Most people in Desha County, AR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 17.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Desha County, AR was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Desha County, AR is home to a population of 11.3k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2022, 3.27% of Desha County, AR residents were born outside of the country (369 people).

In 2022, there were 1.09 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (5.38k people) in Desha County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.92k White (Non-Hispanic) and 443 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97%
2022 Citizenship
97.2%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97% of Desha County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Desha County, AR was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Desha County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Desha County, AR
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    5.38k ± 131
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    4.92k ± 9
  3. White (Hispanic)
    443 ± 203
6.75%
Hispanic Population
762 people

In 2022, there were 1.09 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (5.38k people) in Desha County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.92k White (Non-Hispanic) and 443 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

6.75% of the people in Desha County, AR are hispanic (762 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Desha County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.27%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
369 people
3.11%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
359 people

As of 2022, 3.27% of Desha County, AR residents (369 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Desha County, AR was 3.11%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Desha County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    176 ± 71
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    150 ± 100
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    36 ± 40

Desha County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Desha County, AR employs 4.06k people. The largest industries in Desha County, AR are Health Care & Social Assistance (562 people), Manufacturing (484 people), and Educational Services (459 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,563), Utilities ($64,242), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($62,750).

Occupations

4.06k
2022 Value
± 394
−4.99%
1 Year decline
± 14.4%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Desha County, AR declined at a rate of −4.99%, from 4.27k employees to 4.06k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Desha County, AR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (436 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (356 people), and Management Occupations (312 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Desha County, AR.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Arkansas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

4.06k
2022 Value
± 394
−4.99%
1 Year decline
± 14.4%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Desha County, AR declined at a rate of −4.99%, from 4.27k employees to 4.06k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Desha County, AR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (562 people), Manufacturing (484 people), and Educational Services (459 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Desha County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Desha County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$37,088
Median earning men ± $5,742
$29,460
Median earning women ± $4,259

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($62,885), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($62,250), and Information ($57,250).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($38,024), Retail Trade ($33,750), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($32,560).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Y-Axis
2.24%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.35M people employed in Arkansas. This represents a 2.24% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 8.69%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arkansas.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 98
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 81
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 80
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Desha County, AR went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 48.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (46.1%), followed by Other (5.02%).

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing the state of Arkansas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Arkansas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
John Boozman
Senator from Arkansas3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Tom Cotton
Senator from Arkansas2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing Arkansas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Arkansas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Arkansas

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Arkansas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Measure

In 2022, 0.946% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.851% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (793k), Some college (528k), and Secondary Education (350k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Desha County, AR was $88,300 in 2022, which is 0.313 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $84,800 to $88,300, a 4.13% increase. The homeownership rate in Desha County, AR is 62.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Desha County, AR have an average commute time of 17.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Desha County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Desha County, AR is $38,067. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Desha County, AR was Census Tract 9504 with a value of $41,036, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9501, with respective values of $40,745 and $38,472.

Property

$88,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,786
$2,877
Median Property Taxes
±$320

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Desha County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Desha County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

62.5%
Homeownership
2022
62.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 62.5% of the housing units in Desha County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Desha County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9504
  2. Census Tract 9505
  3. Census Tract 9501

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Desha County, AR was Census Tract 9504 with a value of $41,036, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9501, with respective values of $40,745 and $38,472.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Desha County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$38,067
Median Household Income
± $4,386
4.6k
Number of Households
± 427

In 2022, the median household income of the 4.6k households in Desha County, AR grew to $38,067 from the previous year's value of $33,295.

The following chart displays the households in Desha County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Desha County, AR is from Arkansas.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Arkansas
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Arkansas

In 2022, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.376% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (85.3%)
  2. Carpooled (10.3%)
  3. Worked At Home (2.16%)

In 2022, 85.3% of workers in Desha County, AR drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.3%) and those who worked at home (2.16%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

17.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Desha County, AR have a shorter commute time (17.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.711% of the workforce in Desha County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Desha County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Desha County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Desha County, AR have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

27.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Desha County, AR (3.04k out of 11.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Males 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Desha County, AR is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

91.1% of the population of Desha County, AR has health coverage, with 31.3% on employee plans, 32% on Medicaid, 15.6% on Medicare, 10.4% on non-group plans, and 1.67% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Desha County, AR see 1894 patients per year on average, which represents a 17.7% decrease from the previous year (2302 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3703 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1389 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.3% were men and 52.7% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,894 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Desha County, AR

Primary care physicians in Desha County, AR see an average of 1,894 patients per year. This represents a 17.7% decrease from the previous year (2,302 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Desha County, AR in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.4% under 18 years, 17.3% between 18 and 34 years, 37.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.3% were men and 52.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.91%
Uninsured
31.3%
Employer Coverage
32%
Medicaid
15.6%
Medicare
10.4%
Non-Group
1.67%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Desha County, AR declined by 4.01% from 9.28% to 8.91%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Desha County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was N/A in Desha County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Desha County, AR.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 42.7% in Desha County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Desha County, AR.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 10.9% in Desha County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Desha County, AR.

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