Cleveland, MS

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
30,688
1.96% 1-year decline
US Senator
Roger Wicker
Republican Party
US Senator
Cindy Hyde-Smith
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
36.6
0.549% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
31.8%
3.76% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$37,845
12.2% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$118,200
15.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
11,008
2.69% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Cleveland, MS had a population of 30.7k people with a median age of 36.6 and a median household income of $37,845. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Cleveland, MS declined from 31,301 to 30,688, a −1.96% decrease and its median household income grew from $33,729 to $37,845, a 12.2% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cleveland, MS are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (63.2%), White (Non-Hispanic) (30.8%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.7%), Other (Hispanic) (1.19%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.802%).

None of the households in Cleveland, MS reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.7% of the residents in Cleveland, MS are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cleveland, MS are Delta State University (877 degrees awarded in 2022) and Goshen School of Cosmetology (12 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Cleveland, MS was $118,200, and the homeownership rate was 59.6%.

Most people in Cleveland, MS drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Cleveland, MS was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Cleveland, MS is home to a population of 30.7k people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.21% of Cleveland, MS residents were born outside of the country (678 people).

In 2022, there were 2.05 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (19.4k people) in Cleveland, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.44k White (Non-Hispanic) and 829 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.7%
2022 Citizenship
98.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.7% of Cleveland, MS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Cleveland, MS was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cleveland, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cleveland, MS
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    19.4k ± 185
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    9.44k ± 341
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    829 ± 374
2.27%
Hispanic Population
698 people

In 2022, there were 2.05 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (19.4k people) in Cleveland, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.44k White (Non-Hispanic) and 829 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.27% of the people in Cleveland, MS are hispanic (698 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Cleveland, MS as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    16,383 ± 3,134 people
  2. India
    5,084 ± 1,749 people
  3. Guatemala
    3,926 ± 1,537 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Mississippi was Mexico, the natal country of 16,383 Mississippi residents, followed by India with 5,084 and Guatemala with 3,926.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.21%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
678 people
2.45%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
768 people

As of 2022, 2.21% of Cleveland, MS residents (678 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cleveland, MS was 2.45%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cleveland, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (1990s)
    293 ± 112
  2. Vietnam
    200 ± 92
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    153 ± 87

Cleveland, MS has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (1990s), 1.47 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Cleveland, MS employs 11k people. The largest industries in Cleveland, MS are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,691 people), Educational Services (1,530 people), and Retail Trade (1,196 people), and the highest paying industries are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($67,973), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($64,583), and Utilities ($62,566).

Males in Mississippi have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,477. The income inequality in Mississippi (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

11k
2022 Value
± 764
2.69%
1 Year growth
± 9.76%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Cleveland, MS grew at a rate of 2.69%, from 10.7k employees to 11k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cleveland, MS, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,460 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1,075 people), and Management Occupations (963 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cleveland, MS.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Mississippi (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

11k
2022 Value
± 764
2.69%
1 Year growth
± 9.76%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Cleveland, MS grew at a rate of 2.69%, from 10.7k employees to 11k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cleveland, MS, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,691 people), Educational Services (1,530 people), and Retail Trade (1,196 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cleveland, MS, though some of these residents may live in Cleveland, MS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$38,813
Median earning men ± $5,937
$25,052
Median earning women ± $2,531

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($69,223), Manufacturing ($64,291), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($57,277).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($87,865), Public Administration ($46,552), and Manufacturing ($34,583).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Y-Axis
1.38%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.17M people employed in Mississippi. This represents a 1.38% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 12.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Mississippi.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 271
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 239
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 184
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Mississippi went to Donald J. Trump with 57.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (41.1%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.611%).

Roger Wicker and Cindy Hyde-Smith are the senators currently representing the state of Mississippi. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Mississippi is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Mississippi

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Roger Wicker
Senator from Mississippi1
Assumed office on December 31, 2007
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Trent Lott.
Cindy Hyde-Smith
Senator from Mississippi2
Assumed office on April 9, 2018
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Thad Cochran.

Roger Wicker and Cindy Hyde-Smith are the senators currently representing Mississippi.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Mississippi over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Mississippi

Mississippi is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Mississippi have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Cleveland, MS awarded 889 degrees. The student population of Cleveland, MS in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 942 male students and 1,631 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cleveland, MS are White (415 and 49.6%), followed by Black or African American (347 and 41.5%), Unknown (27 and 3.23%), and Hispanic or Latino (25 and 2.99%).

The largest universities in Cleveland, MS by number of degrees awarded are Delta State University (877 and 98.7%) and Goshen School of Cosmetology (12 and 1.35%).

The most popular majors in Cleveland, MS are General Business Administration & Management (115 and 12.9%), Physical Education Teaching & Coaching (94 and 10.6%), and Elementary Education & Teaching (71 and 7.99%).

The median tuition cost in Cleveland, MS for a public four year colleges is $8,435 for in-state students and $8,435 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Cleveland, MS, the percentage of applicants admitted was 98.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 23.5%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 2,573 (36.6% men and 63.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 2,573 students enrolled in Cleveland, MS, 36.6% men and 63.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,361 records, of which 61.6% were women and 38.4% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 63 degrees awarded
  2. 46 degrees awarded
  3. 42 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cleveland, MS was Physical Education Teaching & Coaching with 63 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cleveland, MS according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 877 degrees awarded
  2. 12 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Delta State University with 877 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 304 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cleveland, MS, which is 0.52 times less than the 585 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 415 degrees mean that there were 1.2 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 347 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($8,435) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($170) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,500) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Measure

In 2022, 1.04% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.852% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (690k), Some college (543k), and Secondary Education (397k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cleveland, MS was $118,200 in 2022, which is 0.419 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $102,200 to $118,200, a 15.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Cleveland, MS is 59.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Cleveland, MS have an average commute time of 19.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Cleveland, MS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Cleveland, MS is $37,845. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Cleveland, MS was DeSoto County, MS with a value of $79,666, followed by Madison County, MS and Rankin County, MS, with respective values of $79,105 and $76,460.

Property

$118,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,233
$6,976
Median Property Taxes
±$588

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland, MS the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Cleveland, MS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

59.6%
Homeownership
2022
64.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 59.6% of the housing units in Cleveland, MS were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 58.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Cleveland, MS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cleveland, MS was DeSoto County, MS with a value of $79,666, followed by Madison County, MS and Rankin County, MS, with respective values of $79,105 and $76,460.

The following map shows all of the counties in Cleveland, MS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$37,845
Median Household Income
± $3,176
11.7k
Number of Households
± 737

In 2022, the median household income of the 11.7k households in Cleveland, MS grew to $37,845 from the previous year's value of $33,729.

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland, MS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cleveland, MS is from Mississippi.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Mississippi
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Mississippi

In 2022, the income inequality in Mississippi was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.553% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Mississippi was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Mississippi in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Mississippi across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (84.1%)
  2. Carpooled (10.6%)
  3. Worked At Home (2.63%)

In 2022, 84.1% of workers in Cleveland, MS drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.6%) and those who worked at home (2.63%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

19.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cleveland, MS have a shorter commute time (19.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.24% of the workforce in Cleveland, MS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cleveland, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland, MS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cleveland, MS have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

31.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cleveland, MS (9.05k out of 28.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 45 - 54.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cleveland, MS is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

85.4% of the population of Cleveland, MS has health coverage, with 26.7% on employee plans, 33.4% on Medicaid, 11.4% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 1.16% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see 1860 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.59% decrease from the previous year (1890 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2031 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 543 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
1,860 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Mississippi

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see an average of 1,860 patients per year. This represents a 1.59% decrease from the previous year (1,890 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mississippi in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.9% under 18 years, 21.8% between 18 and 34 years, 35.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 44.8% were men and 55.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

14.6%
Uninsured
26.7%
Employer Coverage
33.4%
Medicaid
11.4%
Medicare
12.7%
Non-Group
1.16%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cleveland, MS declined by 7.13% from 15.7% to 14.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cleveland, MS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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